Sunday, March 31, 2019
Novel Study genus genus Dracula Bram Stoker face Literature Essay fright is adult maleifested in an individual when they are unsure of the step up watch of their actions. Fear is as well as an unpleasant, often strong emotion buzz offd by anticipation or awareness of risk of infection. Fear is when a st shedr is doing something pop out of the blue or unexpectedly. Everyone has their own business concerns but no matter how you expect at it we all overcome our businesss resultantually. In Bram Stokers Dracula the protagonist Jonathan Harker comes across umpteen weird situations which put his life and his fiancs life in danger. In this legend it is evident that Jonathan Harker fears direct Dracula, fears for his fiance mynah bird, and fears for his life.For example in beginning of the story when Jonathan Harker is sent to do some legal bring in for a foreigner named Count Dracula he comes across his rummy and massive castle. In this cartridge clip spent at his castle he develops fear for Count Dracula and his inhuman activities. He spends some time searching for an exit but sadly he is left lost. save my very feelings changed to repulsion and terror when I saw the whole man slowly emerge from the window, and begin to crawl down the castle fence in over that dreadful abyss, face down, with his cloak spreading out just about him like vast wings.(Jonathon, 29)This credit shows his fear of the Count because he was confront with an unpleasant but strong feeling caused by the danger he feels he could be in. This excerpt is withal the first time Jonathan Harker is stimulate of his client Dracula and starts his mission to escape. A nonher iterate that shows Jonathans fear toward Dracula is when Dracula approaches Jonathan as he attending to a cut on his (Jonathan) chin. As the Count leaned over me and his hands touched me a terrific feeling of nausea came over me, which, do what I would, I could not conceal. (Jonathon, 35) The reason why Jon athan is fearful at this moment is because he is come across a stranger that is unexpectedly touching him without his consent in a violent sort of way. In conclusion Jonathan Harker fears Count Dracula because he is shady character that comes out of the blue, and acts with somewhat of an inhuman personality.Furthermore, Harker also fears for his fiance Mina, as he realizes the Count has developed interest in her. There are many examples of this point but one main being is when he catches the Count reading Jonathans mails to his fianc and finds a picture of Mina in his room. I am all in a sea of wonders. I doubt. I fear. I think strange things, which I hold not confess to my own soul. God bear me, if only for the interest group of those dear to me(Jonathon, 15) This quote is in honorable mention to when Jonathan Harker is exploring the castle for a way. besides he finds Draculas room with his letters which he asked the count to mail and Minas picture. by and by this moment Jon athan describes his fear in the quote above by precept which I dare not confess to my own soul. God keep me, if only for the sake of those dear to me(15) In this quote he shows that he is terrified of his findings and he doesnt want tell his soul what he thinks the Count is up to. In the end of the quote he prays for those dear to me(15) which is reference to his fiance Mina. An new(prenominal) quote that shows his fear for Mina safety is aft(prenominal) when he escapes Draculas castle and marries Mina. After they are settled and come can to London Jonathan is surprised to see Dracula in a untold jr. form.He was very pale, and his eyes seemed bulging out as, half(a) in terror and half in amazement, he gazed at a tall, thin man, with a beaky nose and black moustache and pointed beard I had a great view of him. His face was not a good face it was hard, and cruel, and sensual, and his big white teeth, that looked all the whiter because his lips were so red, were pointed like an a nimals.(Jonathon, 147)This is the quote when Jonathan sees the Count in London after escaping from his castle in the Carpathians. This quote doesnt show fear for Mina directly but we can generalize that Dracula has come back in a much younger form to get Mina, because of this Jonathan is fearful for Minas safety and soon after this event he falls extremely ill because of this fear. In conclusion, fear invoked inwardly Jonathan because Dracula is showing interest in Mina and comes as farthest turning into a younger man and coming to London.Finally fear is represented by Jonathans worry for his life. This focus of his fear has been brought up many times involving Count Dracula but also by other individuals. One excellent example of Harkers fear for his own life is when he is roaming around the castle trying to find a way out but he fails and is encountered by three skirt vampires.I was timid to raise my eyelids, but looked out and saw perfectly under the lashes. The fille went on her knees, and flex over me, simply gloating. There was a dig voluptuousness which was both thrilling and repulsive, and as she arched her neck, she actually thrash her lips like an animal. . . . Lower and lower went her head as the lips went below the range of my mouth and chin and seemed about to fasten on my throat. . . . I shut my eyes in a languorous ecstasy and waited-waited with beating heart.(Jonathon, 32) here(predicate) quote he is antagonized by the three vampire ladies and is attacked by them. This quote shows the fear Jonathan has because as I stated in the beginning that fear is caused by anticipation or awareness of danger. This situation is a great example of my statement. Jonathan is surrounded by those three vampires and since he was aware of the danger he is in that causes him to fear for himself. Another of example of Jonathans fear for himself is when he is walking alone through a dark alley he spots a dreadful creature he has never seen before.There, on the glimmering seat, the silver light of the moon struck a half-reclining figure, snow-covered white something dark stood behind the seat where the white figure shone, and bent over it. What it was, whether man or beast, I could not tell.(Jonathon, 136)This is the quote verbalize when Jonathan encounters supposedly Dracula in the form of a werewolf to bug out Jonathan so he can abduct Mina. Fear is shown when he is encountered with an inhuman being that is posing as an unexpected danger. He is also shake up that he is alone in a shady pathway with a creature out to get him. In conclusion, Jonathan Harker is confronted with many circumstances that cause him to fear for himself such as when he is attacked by the three lady vampires and when he is attacked by Dracula in werewolf form.In summary, the novel Dracula contains many different themes. The most evident theme is fear. Fear is portrayed very differently throughout the book but is caused by more or less the same influences, whic h are Fear is also an unpleasant often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger. Fear is when a stranger is doing something out of the blue or unexpectedly. The protagonist, Jonathan Harker is faced with many different moments in the story which he had to outcome for himself and other people. He had shown to fear Count Dracula, fear for his wife Mina, and fears for himself. As a result, fear plays a key role in the spot development of this novel, and the protagonist Jonathan Harker is challenged to overcome it.
fleshiness in BahrainThe current situation soon in Bahrain, the things that precaution fleshiness ar more than a few things. For example, there ar more than ample adds fast food and cafeterias that atomic number 18 open end-to-end the day, most of which are open until the early hours of the mornings. Staying up to the early hours of the morning is a past magazine for teen long timers and university students, mainly those who dont sport jobs this also stimulates the fast food markets since battalion tend to get famished around the clock. These concourse will then tend to eat this word form of fast food precise late, and sometimes, directly before going to sleep. opposite huge problem is the consumption of soft drinks much(prenominal) as Coca-cola or Pepsi. The younger gene proportionalityn often drinks soft drinks as often the Nipponese drink tea. This is a major(ip) problem as the soft drinks stop a sightive amount of sugar. Now this wouldnt be as huge of a probl em if these werent so refreshing, especi ally in our region where the heat is incredible. The heat itself pushes people to dehydration more than other parts of the world, and many people tend to drink soft drinks to hydrate. hot lance more problem that we face in Bahrain is that we have many genetic diseases. Most common are diabetes, high-blood pressure, and heart disease.What further increases the problem in the country is the fact that people are only active if they do a sport, as traversing is a huge problem without a car. So unlikely many other countries, you would usually do some pass at a given part of the day, but in Bahrain, or the gulf region for that matter, people tend to use their cars even for minuscule trips due to the heat.What enforces each and every problem at the end of the day, is the lack of awareness on what fleshiness really is, even though it is cognise that there comes diseases with fleshiness, there no true highlights of what is the true nature of o besity. nationAs per the data provided by the Central Informatics Organization (CIO) of Bahrain, The population stands at 1,195,020 people, of which 62% are male, and the remaining 38% are young-bearing(prenominal).The amount of expatriates in Bahrain is massive the Non-Bahrainis currently residing in Bahrain stand at 610,332 people, accounting for close to 51% of the descend population.The Bahrainis residing in the country account for virtually 49%, and the male to female ratio is approximately on equal footing (Male 295,878. womanly 288,810). teaching methodEducation in Bahrain at pre university level is available for free. As of 2010, the literacy rate in Bahrain exceeded 94%. In 2012, Bahrain was recorded to have spent 2.6% equivalent of its gross domestic product on cultivation alone, this equated to approximately 9% of sum up government expenditure. As of 2013, Bahrain has a total of 206 government develops of levels ranging from the primary level to the high school level, as wellspring as, religious institutions. This data of course doesnt plight into consideration the enumerate of private schools available in the country.EmploymentCurrently in Bahrain the recite of people employed starting from the age of 15 onwards is 716,473, Of which 527,749 are Non-Bahraini reservation up over 73% of the working population, and 188,724 Bahrainis who make up the rest of the approximately 26% of the working population. The total male working population is 566,350 of which only 128,625 are Bahraini, which is approximately 22.7% of the male working population. Whereas the other 77.3% are Non-Bahraini standing at 437,725 men. As for the female working population, they make up a total of 150,123 women in the populations workforce, the Bahraini females stand at 60,099 making up approximately 40% of the female working population in the country. And the Non-Bahraini female working population stands at 90,024, approximately 60% of the female working populatio n.HealthcareHealthcare in Bahrain, like education, is free to the man there is medical complex that is run by the Ministry of Health, as well as, health clinics in every municipality within the country that operate as free of charge for the general public, this of course excludes the private clinics and hospitals spread crossways the country. For the sake of this paper, Ill be looking at the number of people who visited diabetic clinics run by the Ministry of Health.In the year 2008, the amount of people that visited the diabetic clinics were a total of 25,118 people. Of which, inaugural time visitors accounted for 3,132 people, approximately 12.4% of the total visitors. The amount of revisits made up approximately 87.5%. The Bahraini nationals that revisited these clinics made up 72.5% of the total visits, and the number of female re-visitors overtook the males (Female revisits 11,152. Male revisits 7,069).In 2009, the total number of visits to diabetic clinics change magnit ude slightly from 25,118 visits in the previous year, to 26,065 visits. The number of first time visits slightly increased from the last year. The increase can be witnessed mainly for the Bahraini Females. The number of revisits also increased for both genders of Bahrainis.In 2010 there was an increase of total visits of approximately 27%. The number of visits was at 33,076. The trend of first time visits kept increasing in a steady pace. There was a spike witnessed in the number of visits. The number of male Bahrainis increased by approximately 31% from the previous year, female Bahrainis revisits increased by approximately 24%, Non-Bahraini males increased by approximately 1%, and female non-Bahraini revisits shot up by approximately 39%.In 2011, the increase witnessed a similar stomach in visits to diabetic clinics, though, the number of first time visits had increased more than the other years. Male Bahrainis increased in visits from 1,386 in 2010 to 1,834 in 2011. Female Bahra ini first visits retained their upward trend from the previous year, the increase was from 2,113 to 2,430 visitors. Revisits kept fol imprinting its free burning growth especially for male non-Bahraini revisit patients. Bahraini revisits saw a jump from 9,870 in 2010 to 11,028 in 2011. Female Bahraini visits increased from 14,242 in the previous year to 15,903 revisit patients in 2011. A huge jump was witnessed in male non-Bahraini revisit patients, where as the number of revisits in 2010 was 2,699 it soared up to 4,310 revisits in 2011. The number of female non-Bahraini revisits increased from 1,445 in 2010 to 1,654 revisit patients in the year 2011.In the year 2012, the number of people visiting the diabetic clinics further increased. Male Bahraini first time visits increased from 1,834 in 2011 to 2,898 in 2012. Female Bahraini first time visits witnessed a rise from 2,430 in 2011 to 3,699. Non-Bahraini males first time visits fall from 1,207 in 2011 to 1,010 in 2012. Female n on-Bahraini first time visits increased from 448 in 2011 to 609 in 2012. Bahraini male revisit patients continued with their increasing trend which displayed a rise from 11,028 revisits in 2011 to 12,209. Female Bahraini revisits further increased from 15,903 revisits in 2011 to 17,045 in 2012. Revisits from non-Bahraini males decreased from its peak of 4,310 revisit patients in 2011 to 3,411 in 2012. Non-Bahraini female revisits on the other hand, had increased from 1,654 in 2011 to 2,021 revisits in 2012.So over the 5 year period, the amount of total visits to diabetic clinics increased by approximately 70.8%. Revisits accounted for approximately 80.9% of the visits in 2012.Overweight vs. ObesityBoth overweight and obese are labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is considered healthy for a given height. The damage also identify ranges of weight that have been shown to increase the likelihood of veritable diseases and other health problems.So in give to find cla ss between being overweight and being obese, the use of personify mass index (BMI) has been adopted. The dimensions followed are the following Adults that have a BMI of between 25 to 29.9 are considered overweight Adults who have a BMI of 30 or anything that exceeds it are considered to be obese.RecommendationsThe workplace should take care of their employees, so in order to disallow obesity, employers can adopt these recommendations Organizing conferences, and workshops on obesity and physical operation. Conducting educational programs through the workplace that emphasize the hazards of obesity and the advantages of living healthy. Providing healthy and low energy density foods in the workplace cafeteria Carrying out training courses in anxiety of obesity.Establishing the Arab Taskforce for Obesity and Physical ActivityThe Arab world lacks a Taskforce that is dedicated to fend against obesity and the promotion of physical activity, although other regional taskforces for this very task already exist.The main activities this taskforce should execute are as follows change magnitude the awareness in Arab countries on the prevention, causes, and interposition of obesity. Encouraging physical activity in various age groups of the Arab population. Working as an official body to round and provide expire and sure breeding on obesity and physical activity in Arab countries. Providing technical assistance related to the care of obesity for governmental and non-governmental institutions in the Arab region. Carrying out research and studies on obesity and physical activity, as well as training courses in the management of obesity.Recommendations for the MediaThere is an apparent lack in terms of health and upkeep awareness in regards to obesity and how to manage it in the region, and the media have participated in spreading inaccurate beliefs in regards to obesity. So it is recommended to do the following low gear and foremost, the mass media should provide sound and reliable information on the treatment of obesity. Preparation of programs to educate the public on causes, prevention and management of obesity. much(prenominal) programs should deliver the following materiala. Healthy diet for various age groups and sex.b. Physical activity according to age, sex and health status of the individuals.c. Advice for demote selection of exercise equipment.d. Advantages and disadvantages of various methods of treating obesity.e. Correction of unsound beliefs and attitudes related to obesity and physical activity.Recommendations for People Engaged in the Prevention and Treatment of ObesityThis would include general practitioners, nutritionists, dietitians, exercise specialists, nurses, physical education teachers and other health care providers.These people need to prioritize doing the following1. It is necessary to at the very least note down the weight and height of patients or individuals who seek health treatment or who are involved in ex ercise, to assess their weight status.2. It is important to provide the patients or obese subjects sound health and nutrition information on obesity. The information provided must be reliable.3. To provide sufficient treatment of obesity, healthcare providers should have adequate thought of the physiological, social and psychological bases of obesity.4. Patients or obese subjects should be provided adequate information on physical activity or exercise, taking into consideration their health condition, traditions and culture.Recommendations for Governmental Institutes Governmental institutes hold a great amount of state to alter the environmental factors that are associated with obesity. These changes can come to pass by introducing regulations, activities, and programs that can aid the reduction of obesity and the encouragement of physical activities in the community. In order for this to succeed, policy makers must be convinced of the enormousness of the issue as well as how dir e it is. There is a need for regulations and legislation for the special institutes that work in the treatment of obesity, such as beauty centers, slimming clubs, hospitals, pharmacies, private clinics and shops provided slimming drugs, foods and exercise equipment. It was found that many of these institutes do not deal with treatment of obesity in a kosher way. There should be health control on prescription drugs and equipment exchange for overcoming obesity. The mass media needs to censor false advertising of drugs and equipment etc that claim to serve with obesity reduction. But they should also strive to review the legitimacy of these companies claims as to not reach a level of media control. Governmental institutes should consider all possible endeavors to provide locations and facilities for practicing physical activity and exercise, considering and not neglecting the traditions and culture of the connection in each country. Additional and up-to-date training courses for p eople active in the prevention and treatment of obesity should be provided. Introduction of reliable information on dietary management and physical activity to prevent and control obesity should be introduced in both the schools and universitys curriculum. It is preferable that a committee consists of specialized people from universities, the ministries of health and other related sectors to review and acknowledge the legitimacy of the information provided. Physical activity in schools should be encouraged through physical education classes and training of physical education teachers.Once the awareness of obesity increases, the results should follow soon after. A major issue is the lack of awareness, do to that fact, people continue destroying themselves, so unless something is do about the awareness of the community, not much can be accomplished.Referenceshttp//www.cio.gov.bh/cio_eng/ position/Publications/Statistical%20Abstract/ABS2011/Ch2/3.pdfhttp//data.worldbank.org/indicator /SE.ADT.LITR.ZS/countries/BH?display= representhttp//data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.XPD.TOTL.GB.ZS/countries/BH?display=graphhttp//www.moe.gov.bh/archive/statistics/2013/1.pdfhttp//www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English//Publications/Statistical%20Abstract/ABS2013/Ch11/1.pdfhttp//www.cio.gov.bh/cio_ara/English/Publications/Statistical Abstract/ABS2012/Ch7/6.pdfhttp//www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/defining.htmlhttp//acnut.com/v/images/stories/pdf/overweight_and_obesity_in_arab_countries.pdf
Saturday, March 30, 2019
SWOT Analysis of Performance Analysis of PrimarkPowerPoint founding and Written AssessmentExecutive SummaryThis composition provides information to voltage investors using dimension abbreviation to examine net advocate, liquidity, efficiency, the gearing of Primark Ltd for 2015. The report entrust stand much(prenominal) attention to earning former, liquidity, credit management, debt management, pedigree management, and ceiling social organisation of Primark by comparing it with three former(a) competitors Next Plc, TJX UK and phratry of Fraser. The report highlight on major strength, weakness, opportunities and threats of Primark at bottom the Fashion retail ancestry to aid potential to make a give way-informed decision to invest in Primark. The report analyses the fiscal situation of Primark with its competitors and provides a recommendation for improvement. Primark recorded a significant ontogenesis of 7.57% of Return on Capital Employed (ROCE). 2015 apothegm an addition of 3.76% in disturbance.Business and Financial SituationPrimark is a subordinate of the Association of British Food (ABF) Group. The comp each was in in corporeald in 1969 in Ireland trading with the name Pennys. Primark is headquartered in Dublin. Primark has grown over the days to carve a niche for itself to be a major high roadway array retailer with an appearance of over 238 branches in UK, Ireland and Europe.Primark offers inventive, trendy garment at economic value-for-money outlays. Like several fashion retail companies, Primark does not invent its products itself. The soused works with suppliers to produce to its requirement. The firm relies on out develop cost, economies of graduated t commensurate and efficient distribution strategies to sustain its competitive trade position.Turnover of Primark amidst the financial socio-economic classs 2015 and 2014 make upd from 2,786,250,000 to 2,890,892,000 which indicates an emergence of 3.76% of the 2014 disturbance. Primark recorded an 80.47% Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) for 2015 which is 7.57% cast up of 2014 ROCE.Profit might of Primark for the year under revue did not key out much improvement. Primark gained a feeble 0.74% and 0.40% for gross profit adjustment and operating profit coast individu completelyy. The net profit margin, on the other hand, sawing machine a partly 0.35% in net margin. Over wholly, positivity grew under 1% for the year under review. in that respect could be more factors causing this partly less than 1% increase in profitability. Competition, increase in operating expenses, the general economy, etc.The Liquidity proportionalitys analyse Primarks ability to meet its short obligations as and when they fall due. In general, the ratio assesses how diffused it is for Primark to convert its assets into cash. The accept open retch of ongoing ratio is between 0.5 and 2.0. legitimate ratio and firm ratio saw a partly increase of 0.09 and 0 .02 respectively which indicates Primark is operating outback(a) the acceptable range of current ratio. In reality, the current and acid test ratios do not indicate Primark is waste for investors, but Primark operates in an sedulousness where cash is the standardPrimarks activity ratios specify how it has been effective in utilising its assets to generate income, how long it maneuvers to collect cash from its gross sales and also make payment for its purchases. Primarks inventory perturbation dates saw a drop of 1 banal perturbation clock in 2015 which translated into an increase in the number of inventory turnover stay by 8 geezerhood. This means Primark now require 8 more long time to deal off its inventory. Primark has a favourable creditors collection period which allows them ample time to sell off inventory then make payment to suppliers. A 0.10 drop in accounts collectible turnover translates into 12 long time step-down in creditors collection periods in 2015 w hich is still favourable to Primark. This indicates Primark mostly bargain for its inventory on credit. Receivables turnover has reduced from 127 clock in 2014 to 50.41 times in 2015. This drop-off in receivables turnover translates into an increase of 4 days from 2.87 days in 2014 to 7.24 days in 2015.The increases of 0.05 in asset turnover in 2015 translated into an increase of 3.76% in sales in 2015.Primark is not a highly ge ard company, this show that the operation of the company is payd through candor. There is a slight decline on the dependence on outside sources of funding from 8.80% to 8%. This is good saucys for Primark. This indicates that for every 1 of smashing employed 8% is debt and the rest of expectant employed financed through equity.The debt to equity ratio of Primark is very high debt-to-equity ratio. There is a slight reduction in the debt-to-equity ratio from 4.621 in 2014 to 3.831 in 2015. The debt-to-equity ratio indicates that the proportion of Prima rks assets financed by creditors ar 4.62 and 3.83 times more in 2015 and 2014 respectively than the proportion of assets financed through Primarks equity. The ratio also indicates that, for every 4.62 total liabilities in 2015 and every 3.83 of total liabilities in 2014, equity can pay 1 of it. The acceptable debt-to-equity ratio for most companies is 1.5 2. Primarks high debt-to-equity ratio is as a result of purchasing most of its inventory on credit. The high debt-to-equity ratio does not necessarily mean Primark is endangermenty for investors. Primark is able to generate abounding cash because it sells for cash and has also got a favourable creditors collection period of 203 days.Evaluation of Primark with Peers ProfitabilityPrimark and Next Plc managed less than 1% increase in gross margin for the year 2015. Next saw a lowly(a) over one 1% increase in gross margin whilst category of Fraser recorded a decrease of 0.25% in gross margin for 2015. The gross margin of the fou r firms shows stability in gross margin. operate margin saw an increase between 0.4% and 1.33% for Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK with except contribute of Fraser achieving -1.36% in operating margin. post of Fraser with its 58.72% gross margin could manage moreover 2.64% as operating margin. This is very bad. The picture shows House of Fraser is practising the premium set strategy where commercial enterpri jar againsts set cost higher(prenominal) than their competitors as result records low sales. The operating profit margin of Next Plc is almost twice as much of Primarks operating margin. Primark also recorded operating margin little below twice the operating margin of TJX UK whilst TJX UK recorded operating margin little over twice that of House of Fraser. Primark on profitability is doing comfortably looking at the intense controversy within the garb retail industry.LiquidityLiquidity for Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK saw a slight increase in House of Fraser recording a d ecrease in current ratio. The slight increase in currency ratio means Primark gain 10p, Next Plc earned 6p, and TJX UK earned 28p more of current assets to pay short-term obligations. House of Fraser on the other hand lost 5p of current assets to pay short-term liabilities. The quick ratio is an index number that Primark, TJX UK and House of Fraser have inventory as the larger portion of current assets. Lenders and creditors are very much interested in this ratio as it helps them determine whether Primark, Next Plc, TJX UK and House of Fraser would be able to meet its future obligations. Primark has the least current and quick ratios of 0.37 and 0.05 respectively to 1 of current liabilities.Efficiency The efficiency with which Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser use to turn its inventory into sale has reduced. Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser all had a reduction in their stock turnover times for 2015 with unless TJX UK having a slight increase in their stock turnover tim es which reduced their stock turnover periods by 1.02 days. The decrease in stock turnover for Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser is insignificant at stock turnover ratio but that is not the same at the stock turnover periods level. The decrease in stock turnover led to an increase of 8 days in stock turnover periods for Primark and Next Plc with House of Fraser having 3.8 days increase in stock turnover periods. All other things worldness equal, a higher stock turnover and lower stock turnover periods are better.The receivables turnover and receivables turnover periods indicates House of Fraser performed a little better than Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK. The ratios indicate Primark and Next Plc have relaxed credit policies for which debtor are taking profit of it or they are having problems collecting from customers. All else equal, higher receivables turnover with lower receivables turnover period is better.The 203 days accounts payable days of Primark shows Primark injects more than 6 months to pay creditors, House of Fraser pursues more than 2 years to pay its creditors with its 733.67 accounts payable days. The account payable days of Primark and House of Fraser is an indication that they are paying creditors slowly which is good for Primark and House of Fraser on the other hand, its an indication of worsening financial conditions. Creditors would be comfortable with 28.97 days and 36.37 days account payable days of Next Plc and TJX UK respectively.Analysis of the current pipeline environment affecting UK clothing Retail IndustryThe environments that affect the UK clothing industry can be categorised into Macro and microenvironment. The macro environments in somatic of factors that affect all organisations across industries. These factors would be analysed using the Porters Five Forces Analysis. agree to Grant 2005, the varying degrees of the factors within the business environment (industry) would determine the pressure, competition level and t he profit it will make. The five sources analysed by Michael Porter are competition from new entrants, Competition from established rivals, competition from substitutes, bargaining power of buyers and bargaining power of suppliers.Markets that are profitable keep on suck uping new entrants and the clothing retail market is no exception. With a minimum capital requirement of the clothing retail market, its easy for new companies to enter and as a result of the eventual profits across the industry decrease. The only way that Primark and other big firms can secure their market is to take advantage of their economies of scale. Establish more outlets to enable them to sell at a cheaper price to induce sales. By this, new entrants would not be able to compete.Customers have got over thousand and one substitutes to choose from within the clothing retail market. There are many well-established competitors and well- bloted substitutes within the clothing retail market for customers to make a choice but the ultimate end of the customer is to pay less for better superior. Primark should offer the crush quality at an affordable price that customers would be able to pay.The clothing industry is fragmented with the intense rivalry between retail companies. Next Plc, JTX UK and House of Fraser are all rivals to Primark but Primark has got some loyal customers who are fulfil with Primarks brand. Primark should harbor its brand as customers are interested in the brand they associated themselves with. Any negative reputation will affect Primarks image which competitors would take advantage of.The saturation of the clothing retail market has led to a highly competitive environment where customers have many brands to choose from. Buyers power is high as they have lots of alternatives to choose from. For Primark to defuse this power, it must(prenominal) offer lower prices, varieties of unique designs, high quality, quality customer helping and solid brand image that custo mers would not be able to reject.With the let of attracting every potential buyer, suppliers of Primark would have lower supplier power the firm tries to satisfy the needfully of its customers with variety. Primark source its products from cheap economies and suppliers have to supply base on agreed standards and designs.SWOT Analysis of PrimarkThe SWOT Analysis provides strategical analysis of Primarks business operations which would provide a competitive advantage over its competitors. This analysis shows the strength, weakness, opportunities and threats of Primark within the clothing retail market.StrengthsThe business vex of Primark is based on high sales volumes and lower retail margins with token(prenominal) advertising which enable it to offer low prices to customers.Primark takes advantage of bulk purchase which help it to enjoy economies of scale to enables it to keep cost down.Primark has an extensive range of products including childrenswear, menswear, lingerie, acc essories and footwear.Primark has got strong presence across UK and Europe with over 280 stores and also cognize in Ireland as Penneys.Primark employs about 50000 people around the world helplessnessPrimark has outsourced its manufacturing line and this may lead to inconsistencies in quality.The slow economic growth of UK and EU has held the group profit back.The online retail channel is the fasters retail market in the UK and Primark has no presence for the online market.OpportunitiesClothing is an essential product for everyone curiously the youth population and that there is a constant demand for clothing.Primark should fit its presence to the USA, Africa, Middle East, China and India.One of the fastest growing segments of Primark is sportswear.Threats Primark has got no presence in emerging markets like Africa and its sales are myrmecophilous on the health of the UK and EU economy so any fog to the economy would be a disaster.There is an intense competition between online r etailers and physical retailers and Primark is no exception.Businesses like Primark with operations in Europe are griped with fear as the government access to Brexit saga would affect their operations in EU market.Share Valuation of PrimarkPrimarks shares could be currently valued at 6.98 per share. Looking at the performance of Primark with its peers the stock price of Primark could be change at a premium. I would recommend a 10 price per share for Primarks stock in the IPO.Conclusion Primark rub shoulders with the big brands within the industry in terms of sales and have the potential for IPO. The in merged face of Primark must be strengthening so that directors and officers would not take advantage of weak corporate government structure. With the worsening performance of the British pounds against the Euro and the US dollar, a critical assessment of the UK governments Brexit policies and the impact that Brexit would have on the UK economy and its relationship with the rest o f Europe must be done. For now, I would recommend suspension of Primarks IPO, to enable it to conduct a critical analysis of the Brexit Policies of the UK government and the impact it would have on businesses.Forecast With the financial year 2014 to 2015, Primarks turnover increased by 3.76% we still presume that Primark would be able to achieve 3.5% increase in sales revenue. The weakening value of the British pounds as a result of Brexit will hit Primark because it sources its product in the US dollar. This would increase the cost of sales, operating cost and interest payable of Primark. The 3.5% expected increase in sales revenue and 3% increase in the cost of sale would result in an increase of 5.52% in gross profit. In all, it is estimated that Primark would be able to achieve about 2.53% increase in Profit after Tax for the year 2016.Factors That May meet Primarks Share ValuationInvestors must carefully label the information they ascertain about an organisation to help deve lop current and future hope value. The value of Primark would be determined by both internal factors, which are under the master of the management of Primark. Key factor that would influence the value of Primark areProfitability The ability of Primark to generate a profit would attract investors to invest their resources into the company. Investors want to see appreciable returns on their investments and Primark has the prospect and ability to generate profit to multiply shareholders wealth.GrowthFor all other things being equal, companies with a strong demonstration of growth trends attracts potential investors and commands higher multiples. As Primark expand its presence in Europe, US, India and other emerging markets, it will draw an opportunity for higher sales and profitability for which investors would be attracted to.RiskInvestor wants to protect their investment by avoiding high-risk companies for less risk once. Investors would use any of the following to evaluate Primar k as a high risk or less Risk Company.Market analysis the clothing retail market is open and there are no barriers to entry, Primark should put enough strategies in place so that the activities of new entrants would not affect it.Management Primark needs people with vast knowledge and experience on its management to mechanism its policies and strategies and set effective succession plan.Internal control investors would want to see the review and audited account Primarks financial statements.Financial situation investor would want to see Primark with the strong balance sheet to prove its financial position, capital structure this will help them determine if Primark would be able to meet its financial obligations.Corporate Governance RecommendationIts a legal requirement of all companies seeking to get listed on the LSE to have a suitable corporate governance system impaled. Corporate governance is special machinery for regulating risk in organisations activities by preventing co rporate disasters, scandals, and consequential losses and damages to investors, order and staff. To this end, Primark must have a suitable corporate governance insurance policy in placed. We would recommend Primark to adopt the corporate governance structure below. one-year General Meeting That is the highest decision-making body where directors would render accounts of their stewardship to shareholders and shareholders would have the opportunity to evaluate the report of directors to give them the opportunity to continue their stewardship or vote them out. bestride of Directors Primark should have a board where each member has the appropriate set of experience, independence, skills and knowledge to manage Primark.Audit Committee there must be audit committee who will report to the board. Members of the audit committee should contain of only members of Primarks board whose responsibility would be to identify matters that needs action at law is taken or improvements and make r ecommendations with the processes to be taken. The audit committee has the transaction to review internal controls, the integrity of financial statements and internal audit.Management circuit board Primark should have a strong and well-experienced management board that would be obligated for the implementation of policy direction and strategies set by the board and the day-to-day running of the business.Internal Audit there should be an internal audit unit that would provide an independent assurance that Primarks risk management, internal control system and governance are operating effectively.External Auditor as part of the requirements to list on the London stock Exchange, Primark needs to give an independent external auditor who will provide an independent effect whether management has fairly presented the information provided in Primarks financial statements.Annual subject area management of Primark should provide an annual report and get it approved by shareholders a t the annual general meeting.Benefits of Corporate GovernanceGood corporate governance ensures corporate success and economic growth.Strong corporate governance maintains investors confidence, as a result of which, company can raise capital efficiently and effectively.It lowers the cost of capital.There is a positive impact on the share price.It provides proper inducement to the owners as well as managers to achive objectives that are in interests of the shareholders and the organisation.Good corporate governance also minimises wasteges, corruption, risk and mismanagement.It hepls in brand formation and development.It ensures organisation is managed in a manner that fits the best interest of all.ReferenceAtrill, P., McLaney, E. (2010a). method of accounting and finance for non-specialists (7th ed.). Harlow, England Financial Times/ learner Hall.Atrill, P., McLaney, E. (2010b). Accounting and finance for non-specialists (7th ed.). Harlow, England Financial Times/Prentice Hall.Berk , J., DeMarzo, P., Harford, J., jo.., jarrad harford, jarrad harford jonathan berk peter demarzo (2008). fundamentals of corporate finance international financial reporting standards edition (Softcover Internatinal). capital of Massachusetts Pearson Education (US).Board, F. A. S., St, F. A., ., ards, Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) (2004). Statements of financial accounting concepts Accounting standards as of June 1, 2004. New York Financial Accounting Standards Board.Coltman, Coltman, E. (2012). Refreshingly simple finance for small business A straight-talking guide to finance and accounting. United estate Brightword Publishing.Crowther, D., Crowther, P. D. (2012). A social critique of corporate reporting Semiotics and web-based coordinated reporting (2nd ed.). Aldershot, England Ashgate Publishing.Emmanuel, C. R., Otley, D., Merchant, K. (1995). Readings in accounting for management control (the Chapman hall serial in accounting and finance) (2nd ed.). London International Thomson Business Press.European edition. (2017, January 5). Retrieved January 6, 2017, from bloomberg.com, https//www.bloomberg.com/ europiumFund prices and data. (2016). Retrieved January 6, 2017, from Morningstar, http//www.morningstar.co.uk/uk/Horner, D., Gillespie, A. (2000a). Accounting and finance An analytical and evaluative approach to business studies (A level B.. London Hodder Stoughton Educational.Horner, D., Gillespie, A. (2000b). Accounting and finance An analytical and evaluative approach to business studies (A level B.. London Hodder Stoughton Educational.Hrsg (2013a). Integrated reporting Concepts and cases that redefine corporate accountability. Dordrecht Springer International Publishing AG.Hrsg (2013b). Integrated reporting Concepts and cases that redefine corporate accountability. Dordrecht Springer International Publishing AG.Kim, S. H. (1998). Global corporate finance school text and cases (4th ed.). Malden, MA Blackwell Publishers.Lee, T. A . (2006). Corporate governance and financial reporting. Chichester, United Kingdom Wiley, prank Sons.Limited, K. N. (2016, June 10). Primark stores limited. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from www.keynote.co.uk, https//www.keynote.co.uk/company-report/financials/profit-loss/00453448(Limited, 2016)Media, B. L. (2017). ACCA P2 corporate reporting (international UK) Study text. United Kingdom BPP Learning Media.Appendixes
Who Was genus Benzoin Franklin Religion Essay benjamin Franklins ideas on divinity and hu hu universehood constitution were significantly divers(prenominal) from the prude norm at the time. eon Franklin cut matinee idol as a beloved and wise creator, the puritans feared Him as an al powerfulnessy universe. The puritans saw human nature as the ultimate conduit for sin, while Franklin believed that public as products of idol were hot at aggregate. Franklin believed in a idol discrete from both mans act on earth and the puritan ideal of who He was, and in humans not as slaves to sin and redemption, simply as masters of their declare destiny.Puritanism was a very widely held belief system in the other(a) colonies. A direct descendant of Calvinism, Puritanism had strong roots among a bulky number of the colonists throughout early American effectuatetlements. As a religious order of Christianity, they believed in the bible as the word of divinity, and Jesus as Gods so n. It was universal for puritans of the time to fear God and look at all bad luck that befell them as punishment for their sins. And as it struck my hand, so it struck my heart for I suddenly rose up and went into a wood and in that location I cried bitterly, and now concluded that God, God had found me out. (Dane, 4) The puritan God can almost be seen as a tyrannical attractor one who strikes fear into the hearts of His subjects, yet demands their love and respect.Franklins semi-present creator-God was distinctly different from that of the punishing overseer of the puritans. Franklin was one of few deists at the time. It is said that had he published his deism tract thirty years earlier, he would occupy risked imprisonment and execution in the British Empire. The norms of the time, the puritans, were an overwhelming majority. The puritan God was always on that point, always watching over his creations. As John Dane restate from his mother, Go where you will, God he will fin d you out. (Dane, 2) The puritans spent their lives with the incessantly present notion of Gods wrath hanging over their shoulders. Franklins God was not the same entity. He was the creator, and that to Franklin was as far as His relationship with man went. God did not inspire man to write the books of the bible, nor did he rate His Son to die on a cross for mans sin. after quizzical by turns of several points I began to doubt of Revelation itself. (Franklin, 5) Franklins God gave man life and free will, and then gave him the reigns to control his own destiny.The puritan pattern of human nature was based on the idea of original sin. victor sin is a term used to describe the bibles story of decade and Eve eating the fruit from the tree of good and abhorrence below temptation of Satan. Puritans believed that because of this original sin, humans are all inherently invalidate and impure of mind because man is born into sin, it is impossible for him to escape it. Your outperfor m duties are tainted, poisoned, and mingled with some sin, and therefore are most odious in the eyes of a holy God. (Wigglesworth, 4) In the eyes of the church, the all deliver quality of human nature was that they themselves were made by God. They were obedient to God and His word because they were afraid of his punishment. The only hope the puritans had in life was that they might be chosen in Gods eyes as worthy of redemption.Franklin saw the nature of humans in a very different light. While he did look to God for wisdom and insight, he believed that man could be good without God. He came to this conclusion not with religion, moreover with intellect and logic. He maked a list of thirteen virtues that he believed could bring a man to moral nonpareil. These too were not created with any particular religious religious sect in mind, but rather with the idea that all people could fall apart themselves through them. that vicious actions are not hurtful because they are forbidden, but forbidden because they are hurtful, the nature of man alone considered (Franklin, 15) He believed that evil or morally wrong actions were wrong, not because God said so, but because they were hurtful to humanity. Human nature by itself was not corrupt, and it was possible for a man to be truly good.Franklins beliefs on human nature were different in many ways than that of the puritans. While the puritans saw man as essentially evil from conception, Franklin saw man as able to create his own destiny. While both parties believed in God as being important to the life of men, Franklin saw his importance as more of a guide, and little as a strict path like that of the puritans. The Puritans had only one way to achieve completion in life to exculpate Gods redemption. Franklin believed that as man tried to be a ameliorate person, he was achieving his destiny in life. tho I never arrived at the perfection I had been so ambitious of obtaining I was, by the endeavor, a better and happ ier man than I otherwise should have been if I had not attempt it (Franklin, 14) The puritans did not believe this was the case, as good deeds to them meant nothing if God did not give favor. Your good duties cannot save you, yet your bad works will damn you. (Wigglesworth, 4)The pick out parties idea of human nature was this instant affected by their respective(prenominal) ideas of God. The puritans believed in a God that was manufacturing business and all encompassing. They thought of themselves as unworthy beasts without purpose, and only with the favor of God did they have any chance of happiness on this earth or after it. everyone sinned in Adam and everyone deserves eternal death (Wigglesworth, 4) Franklin saw a God that was less involved in the lives of men. He put much(prenominal) more emphasis on the worth of a persons works and endeavors, and less on whether or not this person had been chosen by God. there was in my scheme no mark of any of the distinguishing tenants of any particular sect. I had purposely avoided them that it might be serviceable to people of all religions (Franklin, 15) twain groups ideals were founded in belief, and were distinctly different because of the differences in the belief of each respective God.As much as the puritan ideals were similar to that of the deist Benjamin Franklin, the differences of each faith is what defines them. Franklin believed in a God based in logic, while the puritans God was founded in faith and tradition. From this belief in separate Gods, separate belief in human nature arose the puritans believing in Human nature as evil and Franklin believing in it as independent and just. Franklin found that the path to righteousness could be obtained through good works that bettered humanity while the puritans believed that only strict adherence to the guidelines set forth by God could bring salvation. Each point of tantrum has its own foundations and each gives historians a different yet equally applic able perspective on life in the early American colonies.
Friday, March 29, 2019
Issues of Discrimination in Sports in that respect argon some(prenominal) different aspects that define the culture of a mathematical group of people. Whether it is the food or the music or the traditions, every single somebody in this world lives based on the culture that surrounds them. One rattling part of a culture is sports. Games ar a source of revenue, income, c beers and entertainment. They make water bonds amidst people who would separatewise piss nothing in common, whether fans, athletes or administrators. A chance of healthy competition between individuals of a decree is the basis for the games in which a select few participate and millions watch. curiously for the universe of discourse of the United States, sports are so ingrained into the culture that it would be hard to imagine a country with bug out them.Sports have been praised for their ability to be a thawing pot (Lumpkin), an idea easily understood by the United States, which holds the same nickname. Th ey are considered to be the great fittingizer because more than(prenominal) than attention is addicted to the abilities of a person than to who they actually are (Humara). closely people believe that sports provide equate opportunities for both majorities and minorities alike (Kahn). just now what if this is not true? Just as minorities are discriminated against in cursory society, in that location is speculation and debate that disagreement occurs in unobjectionable institutes as well.Economists and the oecumenic public have become more interested in the issue of variation against minorities in paid sports (Kahn). This topic is easily pursue and mensurateed considering statistics are readily available for the public, such as the gender, age, race, ethnicity and salary of players in sea captain sports such as baseball, football and basketball (Kahn). A development number of sports sociologists are focusing on these inequalities and trying to disc all over if on that point is an actual problem and if so how it clear be corrected (Eisen 127).The general issue of dissimilarity in institutions was addressed by Title sevener of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This article prohibits employment discrimination based on race, alter, religion, sex and national origin (Hanna). Some people argue that on that point is still evidence of racial discrimination in sports today, though. Despite equitys, the post becomes sticky when it comes to racial discrimination. Is it really possible to prove that mortal was not chartered based on their race? In some cases, yes, scarcely in others, no. The government cannot force people to hire certain(p) scenes, alone their ability to punish institutions for denying a position to a candidate based on race is limited (Hanna).Within the institution of sports, there are several ways that a person can be discriminated against, such as during the hiring process, what position he or she is allocated, or how much he or she is remunerative in salary (Kahn). Discrimination can come from employers, coworkers, customers, and people who hold prominent positions such as sportscasters, Hall-of-Fame excerpt committees, sports executives and franchise owners (Leonard). Discrimination not only affects if someone is able to be a part of a team, exactly how they are treated epoch on that team.Minorities are said to experience discrimination during the hiring process merely based on their origin and the situation that those in decision-making positions are more inclined to hire those who are similar to themselves. Since several administrators are light males, they are more belike to hire white males when given the chose between several well-qualified candidates. Those who are hired could possibly experience discrimination through the allocation of their positions minorities may be given little-prominent leadership and critical-thinking positions such as pitchers and quarterbacks (Kahn). Salary is a difficult area to determine discrimination due to the fact that numbers may be biased, figures may be omitted, players per bring different positions at different skill levels, veterans are paid more than rookies, and contracts may differ based on the number of age and the salary to be paid (Kahn). Customers may show their own form of discrimination by refusing to attend games or purchase certain merchandise, as well as racial slurs said during taunting or frosting talking (Lumpkin).The common chord sports that are voted as the most popular in the United States are baseball, basketball and football. These three only offer a handful of positions 737 in Major unite Baseball (MLB), 245 in the bailiwick Basketball Association (NBA) and 1400 in the National Football League (NFL) (Eisen 230). The chances of someone securing a position on a team in these institutions is miniscule, with quadruplet out of every 100,000 Caucasians, two out of every 100,000 African Americans and three ou t of every 100,000 Hispanics successfully doing so (Egendorf 95).Professional sports organizations are take to submit a racial and Gender Report Card to assess the hiring practices of women and people of color in each organization. These assessments ensure that minorities are the right way fabricateed in such prominent organizations by considering the composition of the players, animal traineres and administration. For example, if African-Americans represent twenty-four share of the population then twenty-four percent of the positions held in a sports organization must be held by African-Americans. In the 2010 Racial and Gender Report Cards, the MLB, NBA and NFL each scored an A in racial hiring practices, with the MLB and NFL alter from an A- and the NBA dropping from an A+ in 2009 (CBA).The color barrier in baseball was broken by Jackie Robinson in 1947 when he joined the Brooklyn Dodgers and ended separationism in professional baseball (Kahn). At the start of the 2010 seas on, minorities composed over forty percent of the players in the MBL, including African-Americans, Latinos and Asian-Americans. Nine people of color (three African-Americans, louver Latinos and the first Asian-American) hold the title of manager in the MLB, bringing the quantity managers of color to thirty percent. Thirty-two percent of coaching positions are held by minorities, and they are also well delineated in administration positions as well (CBA).The National Basketball Association employs the highest percentage of minorities with eighter from Decatury-two percent of their players being African-American, Latinos and Asian-Americans. Seventy-seven percent of those players are African-American. International players hold 18 percent of positions on NBA teams. Michael Jordan is the only African-American majority owner of a professional sports team, but there are four African-American presidents in the NBA. Thirty percent of the head coaches are of a minority, with one Americ an-Asian and eight African-Americans holding positions, while forty-one percent of the assistant coaches are of color (CBA).Administration in the National Football League hosts many positions for minorities as well, with twenty-five percent of the positions being held by African-Americans, Latinos, Asians and Native Americans, but no person of color has ever held majority ownership of an NFL team. The mission of minorities is comparatively high for African-Americans at sixty-seven percent, but Latinos and Asian-Americans are only represented with one and two percent, respectively. Out of all of the professional sports organizations, the NFL has the smallest percentage of multinational players with two percent. The coaching staff of the NFL boasts six African-American coaches and one coulomb fifty seven assistant coaches of color (CBA).Based on the information collected from the Racial and Gender Report cards of Major League Baseball, the National Basketball Association and the N ational Football League, minority representation fares well in these professional sports. Certain measures, such as this musical composition card, have been taken to ensure that minorities are represented in libertine institutes (CBA). One such measure is the Rooney draw rein, enacted by the NFL in 2002. The Rooney Rule was headed by Dan Rooney of the Pittsburgh Steelers and states that any NFL team seeking to hire a head coach must interview one or more minority applicants (Hanna). This form is most likely accountable for the fact that one fourth of NFL teams have a minority coach. Measures like these enable minorities to have an equal fortune to be represented in the sporting organizations in the country in which they reside.While the numbers show that discrimination is very low, if not nonexistent, in sporting organizations in the United States, they can only go so far. Discrimination is not just about how many players of color are on a sporting team, but what they had to do in company to achieve their position and how they are treated once they are a part of the team. Blacks were excluded from professional sports all together until the 1940s, after World contend II (Kahn). Before this time, African-Americans began their own cruddy leagues that mirrored the white-only versions of the sport. For example, Rube bring up founded the National Negro Baseball League in 1920 that offered an alternative for black athletes excluded from the major leagues (Eisen 138). These leagues were a chance for African-Americans and other minorities to play sports they loved, although they were far from equal to their white counterparts.Once minority players were allowed to become a part of professional sports alongside white people, it was an uphill battle. African-Americans were striving for success in institutions that were controlled and outlined by white standards (Eisen 135). They had to face the fact that they were both black and American playing white sports (Eis en 133). They wanted to be classified equally with their teammates, but they were defined by their color and not their ability (Eisen 138). These players strove to gain borrowing but never completely broke remote from being defined by their race (Eisen 136). Wins symbolized symbolic nails in the coffin of racial low quality but losses were evidence of their limits as minorities (Eisen 133). Many prominent minority athletes used their social status to help those in their race that were less fortunate while they pursued their careers (Eisen 136).Some may argue that discrimination exists in sporting organizations in the United States today. Qualifications and abilities may be lose because of the race of the applicant (Egendorf 103). Since many controlling positions in both professional and collegiate sports are held by white males, minorities have less of a chance of being hired due to the fact that the employer is more likely to hire someone similar to themselves (Egendorf 99). At hletes who have played the sport should be awarded leadership positions, but more often than not whites are hired over minorities (Egendorf 98). Minority athletes, many of whom grow up in lower-income areas, are denied equal training facilities during high school and are therefore at a disadvantage compared to their white counterparts when it comes to trying out for spots on professional sports teams (Kahn).Others do not see discrimination present in organizations such as the MLB, NBA and NFL. These people look at the statistics and notice that minorities are represented more in sports than they are in the entire population (Kahn). They also notice trends, such as the fact that the NBA is representative of more minorities than whites and that the NFL is increasingly composed of Pacific Islanders and Latinos (Egendorf 97). Since white players have more opportunities in society after retirement, they are more likely to retire precedent and therefore will not be as valuable as a minor ity who will play for a longer measuring stick of time (Kahn).Either way the situation is looked at, minorities are fast comely a majority (Justice Reader 2). Since the United States have been considered a melting pot for people from so many cultures and the country offers so many more opportunities, more and more people are immigrating in hunt of a better life. Although America has been defined as white, that is slowly start out to change (Justice Reader 2). So how is rightness ensured to minorities wishing to pursue a career in professional sports? The principle of distributive justice should be followed, or rewards, rights, opportunities, services and treatments because of who that person is, what he or she has done or to which group he or she belongs (Justice Reader 40). If an African-American athlete and a white athlete train equally for a position on a team, they should be given an equal opportunity to try out for that position. Their chances should be fair and consistent. Justice should be understood as be focused on what is owed a person by virtue of his or her actions, efforts and impacts (Justice Reader 49).In the Old Testament of the Bible, we are told that God loves justice (Isaiah 618). The sin of humanity creates injustice in the world, yet we are called to live just and righteous lives (Micah 68). A reoccurring theme in the Old Testament is the law that God calls His people to live by. When the law is followed, we are able to live in harmony with God and other humans. This law has been broken, though, creating the injustices that we are dealing with in our day and age.One of the principal(prenominal) focuses of the New Testament is the teachings of Jesus. In these teachings, He calls us to love our neighbors as ourselves (Mark 1231). By treating our brothers and sisters in just ways, we are loving them as we love ourselves and treating them how we would want to be treated. The New Testament also tells us that we are all one body of Christ and therefore everyone is equal (Galatians 328). Why should some have privileges over others or be treated with injustice?Sporting organizations are very prevalent in the culture and society of the United States. The issue of minority representation has forever been a controversy in the sporting world due to the fact that a successful career in athletics leads to success away from the athletic world (Eisen 221). Not only is minority representation important since they are a large part of the culture, but minorities are given more opportunities through a career in sports. Creating a body that gives equal opportunities and treatments to both majorities and minorities is one way to solve injustices in sporting organizations. Some actions to begin this system have been started, such as the Rooney Rule in the NFL. Individuals can voice their opinions when it comes to sporting organizations, such as protesting below the belt actions and treatments. One voice may not be a lot, but many voices together can make a loud sound.
Thursday, March 28, 2019
The Military sociable introduction is one of the trio Primary tender Institutions. The military was initially established to help protect, as well as unify a coun analyze, but since its knowledge, its done so plus more. The Military as a favorable institution has led to domination and conquering of sorts, while trying to sleep morals and justifications. Since the military is run by the political sympathies, it can be pretended that not only does this institution try to control and rationalize, but in addition continue to boil over into some(prenominal) of the other institutions.The Economic Social Institution is another(prenominal) one of the triplet Primary Institutions. The hold that the providence plays on a societies life is overwhelming to say the least. With the Economy creation one of the biggest influences on social interaction in todays society, it is understandable why we have used it as a highlight in which we continue to build on. With wealth and developm ent growing payable to an economies strong hold on society, we seem to everlastingly use that as one of our bases for happiness. With out(p) the Economic Social Institution, the socialistic body structure would always list to domination and political stature, rather then the wealth or development in which we (as a society) would grow.The Political Social Institution is one of the three Primary Institutions. With society being ran by a higher authority, and not by the norms, it is considered only natural to follow the authorities orders. The Political grammatical construction that takes place in a society is often construed as being chosen by the followers, much like a democracy, when in particular it is hardly ever the case. With society focused on its own harvest-festival and maturity, sometimes we neglect the power of the individuals in charge, and only see a false image of our government. With that being said, it is that very reason that the Political Institution is conside red a primary one. We (society) would like to think of the government and the political structure as being cooperative and convenient at its disposal, but the integrity of the matter is that often the imperfections of our society are much related to the government that we chose.The Family Social Institution is a Secondary Institution. Because of Family Life being much a part of todays society and also a way of living, it can be said that this type of lifestyle is doubtless a reason for planning right. Socie... ...he/she has as compared to themselves. As for societies who do not have the benefits of recent medicine, they are looked at as the outcasts and UN-stabilized. The Mass Media Social Institution is a Secondary Social Institution. The power of media, any sort, or any kind is undeniable. Within a culture, or society, everyone has at one time or another been faced with some time of advertisement, or propaganda. Even if you never purchased the item, you were still faced with th e issue of should I try it, or not? Its stunning at how much we light upon into a trap when dealing with the medias influence on a societys particular way of thinking. The Media can turn a murder trial, into a televised event, which can generate revenue, that shows how media can help out the economy, as well as openly test the law. Media has been around for centuries, and has always created a buzz in one way or another throughout a society, but the cunningness of it all is how society relies so greatly on media as our entertainment and pleasure. Society is constantly bombarded with ads and ideas that were generated to bring in revenue, while the society constantly succumbs to the pressure of the outside nature.
9-1-1 An American Emergency   When hijackers coordinated the take-over of intravenous feeding passenger planes on September 11, they sent out a 9-1-1. It was real an emergency call. Emergency comes from emerge and emergence, from the Latin word for to plunge out--it intend to rise from, to come out into view.   We have listened to stories of rescue and sacrifice. We have watched first-year Responders, the Fire and Emergency Medical teams that are first on the horizon of a disaster. We have recognized so many people as the heroes they are. But its not over. There is plenty of emergency response attain still to be done, over a long period of time, and this gives us all a chance to be heroes in our own way.   It was an aerodrome security emergency and an air traffic control emergency. It was a discipline security emergency. It was a crisis management emergency. It was a belief and reality emergency--days later, I heard people repeating Its not real, its not real and I cant believe it. It was a shock and grief emergency, and experts say the trauma give go on for months and years. Some people are already discussing construct on the site in lower Manhattan, but who will wishing to have an office to do business on a wad grave?   It was a political emergency, and the government mobilized. It was an intelligence emergency--why didnt we know teeming to prevent it? It was a religious and spiritual emergency--how can we understand the tendency of death and destruction on this scale?   It was a patriotic emergency-- how do we respond to an Attack on America? It was a peace and umpire emergency--do we have a repertoire of response that does not take the tier of violent retaliation and retribution?   It was a democracy emergency--how do we celebrate our principles in adversity? It was a tolerance and understanding emergency--how do we write from turning against people from other religious and cultural groups, ethnic groups and nationalities that we depict with the criminals, the enemy?
Wednesday, March 27, 2019
legal expert in William Shakespeares King LearThe question of the origin of true, virtuous, and impartial justice has plagued human beings over the millennia and continues to do so today. In Shakespeares King Lear ii potential forms of justice predominate human examination through outpouring and divine supernatural recourse. Both systems emerge fundament eithery blemish in practice, however, and by the end of the do work a mankind of unjust booby hatch reigns supreme. Over the course of three trials, Lears daughters competing for his love, the blinding of Gloucester by Cornwall and Regan, and Lears imagined cross-examination of Goneril and Regan, Shakespeare strikingly illustrates the concept that human justice is intrinsicly blind and the charge of faith in the divine intervention of the goods is hopeless na old hand. Mans justice is profoundly corrupted by the stain of human nature and shrouded by the inherent vices of avarice and jealousy. The theme of flawed justice arising from defective character is demonstrated from the very out crop of the play with King Lears demand that his three daughters compete for his love and estate. Certainly, any(prenominal) father that actively encourages sibling rivalry and so clearly plays favorites, as shown when he laments over Cordelia I loved her most and thought to set my rest / on her kind nursery (1.1.137-38), has something drastically wrong with his mindset. Thus, Shakespeare utilizes the system of Lears flawed character to reveal the detrimental effect liberal human nature can have on the issuing of justice. Shakespeare does so in including the senseless decree that Lear rashly issues the virtuous Cordelia and loyal Kent shall be banished, and Lears kingdom should be ... ...Lear states, Through tattered clothes low vices do appear. / Robes and furred gowns hide all. Plate sin with gold, / And the strong transmit of justice heartless breaks (4.6.180-83). Thus, only through madne ss is Lear able to mark the rampant abundance of injustice present in the world caused by the abuse and negligence of the wealthy in power. The errant trials of King Lear all serve to illustrate the concept that human justice is inherently vitiate by the natural human tendency to abuse power for egotistical means. Furthermore, characters such as Gloucester who maintain a persistent faith in the divine justice of the gods are seen as fools in a world where the innocent are senselessly taken advantage of and ultimately killed. Thus, it seems that until the essential vices of human nature are eliminated, justice will remain shrouded, and wickedness will reign.
Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela is born in a small hamlet in the Transkei province in the Eastern Cape of southwestern Africa on July 18, 1918. He was in a tribe called The Madiba, his tribal clan, is part of the Thembu people. His family has empurpled connections his great-grandfather was a King and Mandelas father is a respected counselor to the Thembu royal family. His father has four wives and He is one of thirteen children. On his original day of school, Rolihlahla is given the English name Nelson by an African teacher. afterward receiving a good education at local boarding schools, Mandela enters assemble Hare University and completes two years before deciding to leave for Johannesburg to rescind a marriage arranged for him by his guardian, Chief Jongintaba. Mandela then earns his B.A. degree, enrolls in law school and joins the ANC (AFRICAN NATONAL CONGRESS) which is an organization est. in 1918 to promote black freedom. accept that the ANC leadership is too staid, Man dela, Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu form the ANC Youth League. They plan to organize agglomerate support for the ANC and make it a more verbal organization.1948 the National company comes to power under Dr. Daniel Malan. His platform is called apartheid, meaning "apartness." They make modern laws support racial discrimination and almost deleting almost all black rights. In1949, The ANC responds to the new apartheid policies, the ANC drafts a Program of Action calling for mass strikes, boycotts, protests and passive resistance. In 1951, Mandela becomes national president of the ANC Youth League. After that it is all downhill and Mandela is arrested some(prenominal) times. Later 1952, He draws up a plan for the ANC to work cloak-and-dagger called the M-Plan. Early 1960s Mandela escapes the country and travels in Africa and Europe, studying guerrilla warfare and building support for the ANC. Late 1962,Returning to southwest Africa, Mandela is arrested, convicted and sente nced to five years. He is held on Robben Island .He is held there for more then 20 years. 1985, United States Senator Edward Kennedy visits South Africa to show his anti-apartheid support. He is hosted by Bishop Desmond Tutu the recipient of the 1984 Nobel slumber laurels Kennedy also visits Winnie Mandela (Nelsons Wife). Same year, South Africas church leaders channel up the anti-apartheid cause, led by Bishop Tutu. Late1985, During the summer, anti-apar... ...edy also visits Winnie Mandela (Nelsons Wife). Same year, South Africas church leaders scoop up up the anti-apartheid cause, led by Bishop Tutu. Late1985, During the summer, anti-apartheid rallies and protests take place in New York City, Atlanta and Washington. pairing America keeps up their support when world famous musicians, including Bruce Springsteen and Miles Davis, release the anti-apartheid disk "Sun City. The poetry "Free Nelson Mandela" reaches the Top Ten on rock-music charts in England. Feb 2 1 990, In a dramatic speech to Parliament, de Klerk (head of getting Mandela out of jail) announces the lifting of the bans against the ANC and other political organizations. Feb 11 1990, After 27 years of imprisonment, Mandela is released. His new life is busy, visit old friends and supporters, becoming deputy president of the ANC, and traveling with Winnie to the U.S., Europe and North Africa. In Sweden, he visits his old friend Oliver Tambo. 1993. Mandela and de Klerk are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 1994, Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as president of South Africa, with his daughter Zenani beside him de Klerk is sworn in as deputy president.
Tuesday, March 26, 2019
" novel Goodman brown", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a composition that is thick with allegory. "Young Goodman Brown" is a good story which is told through the perversion of a religious leader. In "Young Goodman Brown", Goodman Brown is a Puritan minister who lets his excessive presumption in himself interfere with his relations with the community after he runs with the devil, and causes him to blend in the smell of an exile in his own community. "Young Goodman Brown" begins when credence, Browns married woman, asks him not to go on an "errand". Goodman Brown says to his "love and (my) Faith" that "this one darkness I must tarry away from thee." When he says his "love" and his "Faith", he is talking to his wife, but he is also talking to his " religious belief" to God. He is venturing into the woods to meet with the lambaste, and by doing so, he leaves his unquestionable creed in God with his wif e. He resolves that he will "cling to her skirts and maintain her to Heaven." This is an display case of the excessive pride because he feels that he can guilt and meet with the Devil because of this promise that he made to himself. There is a redoubted irony to this promise because when Goodman Brown comes back at percolate he can no longer look at his wife with the homogeneous faith he had before. When Goodman Brown finally meets with the Devil, he declares that the flat coat he was late was because "Faith kept me back awhile." This statement has a two-base hit meaning because his wife physically prevented him from being on fourth dimension for his concussion with the devil, but his faith to God psychologically delayed his merging with the devil. The Devil had with him a staff that "bore the likeness of a large sable snake". The staff which looked like a snake is a fibre to the snake in the story of go game and eventide. The snake conduct t enner and Eve to their destruction by leading them to the tree diagram of familiarity. The Adam and Eve story is similar to Goodman Brown in that they are twain seeking unfathomable amounts of knowledge. Once Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge they were expelled from their paradise. The Devils staff eventually leads Goodman Brown to the Devils ceremony which destroys Goodman Browns faith in his pest man, therefore expelling him from his utopia.Hawthorne essays research papers fc "Young Goodman Brown", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a story that is thick with allegory. "Young Goodman Brown" is a moral story which is told through the perversion of a religious leader. In "Young Goodman Brown", Goodman Brown is a Puritan minister who lets his excessive pride in himself interfere with his relations with the community after he meets with the devil, and causes him to live the life of an exile in his own community. "Young Goodman Brown" begins whe n Faith, Browns wife, asks him not to go on an "errand". Goodman Brown says to his "love and (my) Faith" that "this one night I must tarry away from thee." When he says his "love" and his "Faith", he is talking to his wife, but he is also talking to his "faith" to God. He is venturing into the woods to meet with the Devil, and by doing so, he leaves his unquestionable faith in God with his wife. He resolves that he will "cling to her skirts and follow her to Heaven." This is an example of the excessive pride because he feels that he can sin and meet with the Devil because of this promise that he made to himself. There is a tremendous irony to this promise because when Goodman Brown comes back at dawn he can no longer look at his wife with the same faith he had before. When Goodman Brown finally meets with the Devil, he declares that the reason he was late was because "Faith kept me back awhile." This statement has a dou ble meaning because his wife physically prevented him from being on time for his meeting with the devil, but his faith to God psychologically delayed his meeting with the devil. The Devil had with him a staff that "bore the likeness of a great black snake". The staff which looked like a snake is a reference to the snake in the story of Adam and Eve. The snake led Adam and Eve to their destruction by leading them to the Tree of Knowledge. The Adam and Eve story is similar to Goodman Brown in that they are both seeking unfathomable amounts of knowledge. Once Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge they were expelled from their paradise. The Devils staff eventually leads Goodman Brown to the Devils ceremony which destroys Goodman Browns faith in his fellow man, therefore expelling him from his utopia.
The Heroic compute Often, epic heroes can be characterized the same way. They are portrayed as superhuman beings, possessing strength, physical beauty, and intelligence. These heroes aspired to live by a opulent edict that would ensure immortality by keeping their memory alive in the people. Homers The Iliad shows how the heroic code was ingrained in ancient Greek warriors. In some(prenominal) cases, the Greeks put this code of honor above their own lives. During a battle, Glaukos, a Trojan, and Diomedes, an Achaian, encounter one another in a space betwixt the two armies. By chance Diomedes asks who his enemy is. The two men indeed realize that their fathers were friends. To keep the family friendship alive, the men share a handclasp of peace. This embrace shows how the Greek warriors were de...
Monday, March 25, 2019
Nearly all men can stand adversity, merely if you compliments to test a mans character, give him power. -- Abraham LincolnINTRODUCTIONThe duty to keep on a peaceful society is shared by distributively take aim of government local, state, and federal. However, because crime is an immediate menace to the communities, the legal philosophy pose a highly visible and primary role in overcoming the threat and tending of crime. The process of policing a democratic society is complex and cod to this fact, a police department is probably one of the most trouble somewhat general institutions to manage effectively. It is therefore important to discombobulate processes that are faultfinding to operating(a) police departments and their commitments in securing peace in the society.In indian lodge to apprehend the field of police administrations, one has to look further beyond the energy and complexity aspects of the field. Laws are constantly modified, the environments police of ficers regulate in continually change, new problems regularly occur, and administrative practices that were once treated as church doctrine are nowadays confront constantly modifications, often challenged and in some cases, discarded. The terrorist attacks of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, have importantly changed the ways police departments police globally. The primary mission of police in local communities has become somewhat blurred as society policing efforts from the withstand decade fade to the emergence of security checks, intelligence gathering, and familiarity in join terrorism task forces. police organisations are now facing ever changing ordeals that require the administrators to change the ways policing is performed, by which creating a more open and responsive organisation through the positiv... ...on, 2008. - Vol. 01.Blackler caper historic Influences on Australian Policing Article // Violence and police goal. - s.l. Melbourne University P ress.Chan Janet B. L. Changing patrol Culture Article.Wainwright Elsina Police Join the Front Line Article // ASPI strategical Insights. - 2004. - pp. 1-12.Westmarland Louise Police Ethics and Integrity Breaking the Blue Code of calm daybook // Policing and nightspot An International Journal of Research and Policy. - 2005. - 2 Vol. 15. - pp. 145-165.Wimshurst Kerry and Allard Troy illegal justice Education, Employment Destinations, and Graduate Satisfaction Journal // The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. - 2007. - 2 Vol. 40. - pp. 218-235.Wong Kam C. The Philosophy of Community Policing in China Journal // Police Quarterly. - 2001. - 2 Vol. 4. - pp. 186-214. Developing a Responsive Police Organisation Essay -- Police OrganizatiNearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a mans character, give him power. -- Abraham LincolnINTRODUCTIONThe responsibility to maintain a peaceful society is shared by each level of government loca l, state, and federal. However, because crime is an immediate threat to the communities, the police have a highly visible and primary role in overcoming the threat and fear of crime. The process of policing a democratic society is complex and due to this fact, a police department is probably one of the most difficult public institutions to manage effectively. It is therefore important to have processes that are critical to operating police departments and their commitments in securing peace in the society.In order to understand the field of police administrations, one has to look further beyond the dynamism and complexity aspects of the field. Laws are constantly modified, the environments police officers regulate in continually change, new problems regularly occur, and administrative practices that were once treated as gospels are now facing constantly modifications, often challenged and in some cases, discarded. The terrorist attacks of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, have significantly changed the ways police departments police globally. The primary mission of police in local communities has become somewhat blurred as community policing efforts from the last decade fade to the emergence of security checks, intelligence gathering, and participation in join terrorism task forces. Police organisations are now facing ever changing ordeals that require the administrators to change the ways policing is performed, by which creating a more open and responsive organisation through the positiv... ...on, 2008. - Vol. 01.Blackler John Historical Influences on Australian Policing Article // Violence and Police Culture. - s.l. Melbourne University Press.Chan Janet B. L. Changing Police Culture Article.Wainwright Elsina Police Join the Front Line Article // ASPI Strategic Insights. - 2004. - pp. 1-12.Westmarland Louise Police Ethics and Integrity Breaking the Blue Code of Silence Journal // Policing and Society An International Journal of Research a nd Policy. - 2005. - 2 Vol. 15. - pp. 145-165.Wimshurst Kerry and Allard Troy Criminal Justice Education, Employment Destinations, and Graduate Satisfaction Journal // The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. - 2007. - 2 Vol. 40. - pp. 218-235.Wong Kam C. The Philosophy of Community Policing in China Journal // Police Quarterly. - 2001. - 2 Vol. 4. - pp. 186-214.
Postmodern literary animadversion Post contemporaneity attempts to call into question or dispute the notion of a mavin infinite unified master record without simply replacing it with another. It is a paradoxical, recursive, and problematic method of critique. It encourages transcendence by or in evoke of limitation, while simultaneously decentering the concept of absolute transcendence. To this end, it encourages the development of a heightened intellect of self in relation to itself and the earthly concern around it. Postmodernism assumes an ontology of fragmented being. Where modernism asserts the primacy of the subject in revealing comprehensive truth, postmodernism challenges the authority of the subject and, thus, widely distri moreovered truth based on it. modernism and postmodernism, however, draw upon distinctly assorted epistemological modes critical and peremptory. Modernism posits itself as a source of positive intimacy. Dogmatic intimacy is an unch anging, absolute ideology. It has set the right or believes it is come-at-able to acquire it. Knowledge is objective, tangible and quantifiable. The dogmatic mode attempts to subordinate barely critical thinking in aim to sp translate knowledge of Truth. Postmodernism, on the other hand, aspires to reflect the critical. Critical knowledge is a process, rather than product. imperious knowledge is unattainable, conditional, and provisional at best. any unequivocal sense of the realistic is rendered superfluous. Truth, therefore, remains elusive, relativistic, partial, and always incomplete it cannot be learned in totality. Truth itself is a contingent affair and assumes a different shape in the light of differing local urgencies and convictions associated with them (Fish 207). Critical knowledge has no choice but to exercise complicity with the cultural historical setting in which it is hopelessly mired. As Lee Patterson states, Even scholars who are transaction with chrono logically and geographically removed(p) materials are in fact examining a cultural matrix inwardly which they themselves stand, and the understandings at which they arrive are influenced not simply by present-day(a) interests but by the shaping past times that they are engaged in recovering (259). Postmodern literary blame asserts that art, author, and audience can except be approached through a serial publication of mediating contexts. Novels, poems, and plays are neither eternal nor transcendent (Jehlen 264). Even questions of order moldiness be considered within a such contexts. Literature is not moreover a question of what we read but of who reads and who writes, and in what social circumstances...The canon itself is an historical event it belongs to the fib of the school (Guillory 238,44).Literature - Postmodern Literary Criticism Literature Essays Literary CriticismPostmodern Literary Criticism Postmodernism attempts to call into question or challenge the notion of a single absolute unified master narrative without simply replacing it with another. It is a paradoxical, recursive, and problematic method of critique. It encourages transcendence through or in spite of limitation, while simultaneously decentering the concept of absolute transcendence. To this end, it encourages the development of a heightened sense of self in relation to itself and the world around it. Postmodernism assumes an ontology of fragmented being. Where modernism asserts the primacy of the subject in revealing universal truth, postmodernism challenges the authority of the subject and, thus, universal truth based on it. Modernism and postmodernism, however, draw upon distinctly different epistemological modes critical and dogmatic. Modernism posits itself as a source of dogmatic knowledge. Dogmatic knowledge is an unchanging, absolute ideology. It has found the Truth or believes it is possible to acquire it. Knowledge is objective, tangible and quantifiable. The dogmatic mode attempts to subordinate further critical thinking in order to spread knowledge of Truth. Postmodernism, on the other hand, aspires to reflect the critical. Critical knowledge is a process, rather than product. Absolute knowledge is unattainable, conditional, and provisional at best. Any unequivocal sense of the real is rendered superfluous. Truth, therefore, remains elusive, relativistic, partial, and always incomplete it cannot be learned in totality. Truth itself is a contingent affair and assumes a different shape in the light of differing local urgencies and convictions associated with them (Fish 207). Critical knowledge has no choice but to exercise complicity with the cultural historical context in which it is hopelessly mired. As Lee Patterson states, Even scholars who are dealing with chronologically and geographically distant materials are in fact examining a cultural matrix within which they themselves stand, and the understandings at which they arrive are influenced not simply by contemporary interests but by the shaping past that they are engaged in recovering (259). Postmodern literary criticism asserts that art, author, and audience can only be approached through a series of mediating contexts. Novels, poems, and plays are neither timeless nor transcendent (Jehlen 264). Even questions of canon must be considered within a such contexts. Literature is not only a question of what we read but of who reads and who writes, and in what social circumstances...The canon itself is an historical event it belongs to the history of the school (Guillory 238,44).
Sunday, March 24, 2019
Androgyny in the Characters of Macbeth and chick Macbeth In her book, Woman and sex activity in Renaissance Tragedy, Dympna Callaghan addresses the presentation of women in Elizabethan England, stating that women were clearly socially subordinate, and the preponderance of discourse on the gender hierarchy was misogynistic (Callaghan 12). According to Marianne L. Novy in Loves Argument Gender Relations in Shakespeare Woman seems to be associated with qualities - emotions, fears, - one has against ones will, and man with a preferable mode of existence. Men are exhorted to be men, and women, playfully or seriously, often attempt to imitate men (Novy 198). While men and women were natural different, it was societys treatment of their distinguishing sexual traits that defined them either as masculine, and thus in a mooring of power, or as feminine and unable to scrap male authority. Much of the literature composed in Elizabethan England reflects, whether measuredly or inadverten tly, the gender inequities cited by Callaghan, Novy, and others. In William Shakespeares Macbeth, the dynamics of the marriage among Macbeth and Lady Macbeth involve a mutual striving towards manhood as a result of misplaced gender traits in each. Shakespeare develops the androgyny of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, and this becomes the basis for the offenses they commit in the play. Both characters achieve a position of power and authority through the use of their masculine characteristics, but their feminine characteristics make their gains tenuous and ultimataly cause their downfall. Throughout the play Shakespeare presents the feminine traits at heart Macbeth as the characteristics that mark him as a flawed man. When Macbeth says... ...speare. Chapel hummock The University of North Carolina Press, 1984 5. Ussher, Jane. Womens Madness Misogyny or Mental Illness?. Amherst University of mummy Press, 1991 6. Williams, Juanita. Psychology of Women. New York W.W. Norton & Company, 1 987 WORKS REFERENCED 1. Belsey, Catherine. The Subject of Tragedy. London Methuen, 1985 2. Biggins, Dennis. sexuality, Witchcraft, and military force in Macbeth. Shakespeare Studies VII (1975) 3. Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice mental Theory and Womens Development. Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1982 4. Hogrefe, Pearl. Tudor Women Commoners and Queens. Ames Iowa State University Press, 1975 5. Howells, John, ed. World History of Psychiatry. New York Brunner/Mazel, 1975 6. Millett, Kate. Sexual Politics. New York Ballantine Books, 1987
The story, Romeo and Juliet carried a constant theme of live and death. William Shakespeare wrote this play with several different ideas in mind. He tried to rich person a romance story that still incorporated violence as well as comedy making a play that every(prenominal) classes of people would enjoy. He succeeded by making one of the most famed plays of all time. Immediately as the play is commenced, the plot of the story is unfolded. The chorus begins revealing the story about two equal ranked families, battling oer an ancient grudge carried out from their ancestors. The theme of fighting is already revealed in the opening line to the story. Following the line of fighting and anger comes the twinkling theme, love. Shakespeare writes about two &8220star - pass lovers, referring to Romeo and Juliet. The term &8220star &8211 crossed lovers, sets the reoccurring theme of love and death and represents the entire play in those collar words. Romeo and Juliet met one night at a party where they immediately barbarous desperately in love at first sight. Both were gayly in love until they found they were in love with their enemy. The theme of young rebellion becomes an issue at this point. Romeo and Juliet love each other except this love is rejected throughout their families being both their families have had a grudge carried out from their ancestors. The only way for Romeo and Juliet to have a consanguinity is to keep ...